Optimized oxidoreductases for medium and large scale industrial biotransformations
Project Secretariat
Dr Marta Pérez-Boada
E-mail: MPBoada@cib.csic.es
Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)
Biological Research Centre (CIB)
Calle Ramiro de Maeztu 9, E-28040 Madrid, Spain
Phone: 34 918373112
Fax: 34 915360432
Mobile: 34 650080476
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Total records: 122
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[ 2014 ] Martínez AT, Ruiz-Dueñas FJ, Gutiérrez A, del Río JC, Alcalde M, Liers C, Ullrich R, Hofrichter M, Scheibner K, Kalum L, Vind J, Lund H Search, engineering, and applications of new oxidative biocatalysts Biofuels, Bioprod. Bioref., 8: 819-835
[ 2014 ] Molina-Espeja P, García-Ruiz E, González-Pérez D, Ullrich R, Hofrichter M, Alcalde M Directed evolution of Unspecific Peroxygenase from Agrocybe aegerita Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 80: 3496-3507
[ 2014 ] Pita M, Maté D, González-Pérez D, Shleev S, Fernández VM, Alcalde M, De Lacey AL Bioelectrochemical Oxidation of Water J. Am. Chem. Soc., 136: 5892-5895
[ 2014 ] Piumi F, Levasseur A, Navarro D, Zhou S, Macellaro G, Mathieu Y, Ropartz D, Ludwig R, Faulds CB, Record E A novel glucose dehydrogenase from the white-rot fungus Pycnoporus cinnabarinus: production in Aspergillus niger and physicochemical characterization of the recombinant enzyme. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 98: 10105-10118
[ 2014 ] Rico A, Rencoret J, del Río JC, Martínez AT, Gutiérrez A Pretreatment with laccase and a phenolic mediator degrades lignin and enhances saccharification of Eucalyptus feedstock Biotechnol. Biofuels, 7: 6
[ 2013 ] Babot ED, del Río JC, Kalum L, Martínez AT, Gutiérrez A Oxyfunctionalization of aliphatic compounds by a recombinant peroxygenase from Coprinopsis cinerea Biotechnol. Bioeng., 110: 2323-2332
Self-sustained enzymatic cascade for the production of 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid from 5-methoxymethylfurfural
Carro J, Fernandez-Fueyo E, Fernández-Alonso C, Cañada J, Ullrich R, Hofrichter M, Alcalde M, Ferreira P, Martínez AT
Biotechnol. Biofuels, 11: 86-96


2,5-Furandicarboxylic acid is a renewable building block for the production of polyfurandicarboxylates, which are biodegradable polyesters expected to substitute their classical counterparts derived from fossil resources. It may be produced from bio-based 5-hydroxymethylfurfural or 5-methoxymethylfurfural, both obtained by the acidic dehydration of biomass-derived fructose. 5-Methoxymethylfurfural, which is produced in the presence of methanol, generates less by-products and exhibits better storage stability than 5-hydroxymethylfurfural being, therefore, the industrial substrate of choice.


In this work, an enzymatic cascade involving three fungal oxidoreductases has been developed for the production of 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid from 5-methoxymethylfurfural. Aryl-alcohol oxidase and unspecific peroxygenase act on 5-methoxymethylfurfural and its partially oxidized derivatives yielding 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid, as well as methanol as a by-product. Methanol oxidase takes advantage of the methanol released for in situ producing H2O2 that, along with that produced by aryl-alcohol oxidase, fuels the peroxygenase reactions. In this way, the enzymatic cascade proceeds independently, with the only input of atmospheric O2, to attain a 70% conversion of initial 5-methoxymethylfurfural. The addition of some exogenous methanol to the reaction further improves the yield to attain an almost complete conversion of 5-methoxymethylfurfural into 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid.


The synergistic action of aryl-alcohol oxidase and unspecific peroxygenase in the presence of 5-methoxymethylfurfural and O2 is sufficient for the production of 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid. The addition of methanol oxidase to the enzymatic cascade increases the 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid yields by oxidizing a reaction by-product to fuel the peroxygenase reactions.

Official webpage of indox [ industrialoxidoreductases ]. Optimized oxidoreductases for medium and large scale industrial biotransformations. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under Grant Agreement nº: FP7-KBBE-2013-7-613549. © indox 2013. Developed by garcíarincón